1. THE ANCESTPRS OF THE ITALIAN MASTIFF
The Cane Corso is a Italian breed, that comes from the Canis Pugnax, dog Roman, the Cane Corso accompanied the legions in the wars, were warrior dogs and very ferocious. The Cane Corso, was used in Roman campaigns and was always in the first line of combat.
In the past, the best breed in the world its history, origins The Cane Corso is an ancient Italian breed that comes from the ‘Canis Pugnax’, highly valued in Ancient Rome. The first records of the breed date from the sixteenth century.
From its origins, the Cane Corso has been used for guarding the property and animals, in addition to family protection and big game. He was an escort dog for merchants. Cane Corso was fierce and determined, as his imposing structure seems to be in the order of his name, because Cane Corso means bodyguard, powerful, robust, strong. Outside Italy little is known about race, and even in their country of origin, as they fell into oblivion when agriculture was mechanized.
The story of the Cane Corso due to its fierceness was used to hunt, bears, jabalis etc. From This time comes the cut tail and ears, so that their prey could not catch and moder any part of his body.
The Cane Corso also had a lot of skin and his adversaries bite the neck, for example and had so much skin, that they never hurt them.
If we could say, that the corso cane, was a dog whose function was the war with the Romans and the big game, this is very important because little by little we will see how the Cane Corso is changing over time in its functionality, in the 70s will pass to the guard of the Italian farmhouses and to keep the heavy machinery of the farmers. In actuality the Cane Corso is a guard dog for the family. The best guardian for houses and family. We return to the ancient era, we can see old sculptures of the Cane Corso as the nativity of southern Italy.
Which some assimilate as a Corcéga, but comes from the Latin cohors, which means brave, manly, strong. So the ancestors described the Cane Corso, there were also popular sayings at that time, (it is worse than a bite of corso cane ..) . Therefore it was a powerful dog and that was sought in the virtue of ferocity, both for battle like big game.
2. CANE CORSO – THE NEW BREED AFTER ITALIAN ROMAN DOG
According to Pablo Breder, the first litter we know of Cane Corso was that of DAUNO, BRINA, ALIOT, ALKE,TIPSI, MIRAK, PICCIUT. All the dogs of this litter, with the exception of Brina who had areverse scissorbite, They had a regular scissor bite.The puppies developed successfully, all were homogeneous and werenot entirely different in terms of sizes and shapes.You might think that some would be more like the father andothers the mother, but this was not the case. Dauno was a very fine male and Brina was a beautiful female
In May 1979, Stefano Gandolfi, barely sixteen, thanks to the writings and photographs made by Pablo Breber, is aware that this ancient Italian brees who has survived two world wars. Discovering it and getting passionate about the idea of genetic recovery of this breed was its greatest purpose.
In his project he involves Giancarlo and Luciano Malavasi and Anna the wife of Giancarlo, today with still ajijo de kennel de Cane Corso called Antico Cerberus. They were recognized breeders of German shepherd, transmitting all the passion and fervent enthusiasm that encouraged him, the three got in touch with Breber, who does not skimp on giving them all the information and all their willingness to accompany them to Puglia, the places in those who had found the first specimens and where the first couple had been made, heading for the recovery of the race. (On 11/14/75 of ALIOT, gray X MIRAK tabby, 7 puppies were born, among them the female brindle named BRINA X PICCIUT, tabby, which give birth to 10 puppies on
In September 1979 Pablo Breber, Stefano Gandolfi and Luciano Malavasi meet in Puglia to locate and choose the first subjects with whom to select the race and start the recovery. And this time we must also highlight the work of a great merchant Vito Indivieri who got involved, since his work made him travel to look for Cane Corso throughout Italy
The first descent to Puglia, from Mantova, make the attention of the three passionate (Breber, Gandolfi and Malavasi) focuses on six specimens, 2 males and 4 females born in the litters of ’75 and ’78, all of medium size a large, of constitution meso morfa and developed musculature. The specimens that were all noble, athletic and fierce, very satisfactory in their molossoid structure, but absolutely lacking in excess weight, totally different from the Neapolitan mastiff. These specimens were very similar in structure and differentiated into two types, if the head is examined. ALMA and COCAB, born in ’78 of BRINA, had the head “alaneggiante” and teeth in scissors. The mother, however, had the shortest snout and a reverse scissor bite.
TIPSI, another of the females, always daughters of BRINA, is described by Gandolfi: (He had a long face just over a third of the length of his head with a set of teeth that he closed in inverted scissors. The head, as a whole, was noble and proportionate, a short and harmonious female, attentive, fierce and vivacious. Female key in the breed recovery program. ) To these four females was added the male named TAPPO, also the son of BRINA. Slightly prognathous, with a very respectful, fulvo-colored musculature, which was to be given to friends of Breber in Foggia. They complete the rose of the six subjects under consideration by adding to PICCIUT the male tabby, father of ALMA, COCAB, TIPSI and TAPPO. Owner Armando Gentile, respect to the son says that it presented an even more typical head, with a snout that, like that of the daughter TIPSI, was little more than a third of the head. All these dogs had in common the cranial-facial axes that were slightly convergent.
Therefore we are facing a brees , which has been recovered, with just a few litters, without being recognized cynologically, but with people collaborating to find specimens, veterinarians, people who traveled and a place to recover the breed, the German shepherd breeding place of the Malavasi brothers.
The concrete difficulty in the recovery of the brees arises in this first transfer, they were very numerous, and the reluctance of the owners to whom the specimens born of the first two litters produced by Breber were entrusted were totally lacking in cinófila culture, they are not interested in new breed. Gandolfi says that (the heterogeneity, numerical inconsistency and difficulties in understanding our recovery program were cause for concern if not for true confusion. In September ’80, of the 17 puppies born with the first two litters of Breber, only five were registered. The others, donated to the shepherds, were scattered in the field and had lost track.
Only two females, TIPSI and BRINA were under direct control. Other localized specimens were the male DAUNO brother of BRINA, and the elderly MIRAK.
In essence, it was just a stone thrown into the lake, the true recovery of the race, is on the way. Aware of the situation and the difficulties, Gandolfi and the Malavasi brothers realize, with the advice of Casolino, that in order to start a serious recovery program it was still necessary to find
The Malavasi brothers are responsible for all this, who agrees to grant the use of their hatchery to house the most meritorious specimens, dedicating themselves to “take charge of them, to supervise the couplings, to help the females in the births and to do a follow-up of the litters. All in exchange for a future, waiting for the hypothetical result of a breed unknown to most people and uncertain destination “(Casolino).
Thanks to the availability of the Malavasi brothers it is finally possible to start the serious recovery program that was in his thoughts and in the thought of Gandolfi and Casolino. These people, with determination and perseverance, laid the foundations of what is now the Cane Corso Italiano, transferring between the end of ’79 and January 1980 the first three copies in Mantova: The female TIPSI and BRINA together with DAUNO, a black male born of the first litter of Breber, MIRAK x ALIOT.
The results of the first selection. Despite the difficulties, of these three examples working in consanguinity in order to fix the characteristics of type and structure, were born the first examples of Cane Corso of the modern era.
Among all, emerged by the quality of its type, structure and ability to transmit genetic traits some copies that are the origin of all modern specimens: First about all two black brothers, sons of DAUNO x TIPSI, born in the nursery of Malavasi and Battaglia, today “Antico Cerberus”. BASIR, ceded property to Casolino and considered the zootechnical reference point of the breed. BULAN, owner Gianantonio Sereni, proved to be an excellent player in the race recovery program. Entrusted by the Malavasi brothers to Michele Angiolillo: ALIOT, gray male, and BABAK, female tabby.According to Pablo Breder in a recent interview, talking about the Cane Corso: (Its characteristics conform to its performance, it is a hunting dog so it must have a strong jaw to support the animal it tries to control, not necessarily have much resistance for long distance jogging. Of course, it has a powerful head which is reciprocated by a strong bite, of course it would have to be a scissor bite, it does not have too short fur, it is not a shaggy dog but it has a low coat for winter, which makes it suitable for working abroad.
On October 18, 1983 “Società Amatori Cane Corso” was created … what would be something like in modernity The club of the Cane Corso this day was a historic day for Cane Corso.
Asir, indisputable initiator and player, had been presented in a confidential manner to many judges who had considered him as a morphological, behavioral and character model (Gandolfi). Basir was going to be the chosen one, all the efforts put in that Basir was the model for the new standard and so that the judges, were fixed in the new race the Cane Corso. On June 16, 1985, the first formal meeting was held between SACC enthusiasts and official cinofilia, represented by ENZI members Franco Bonetti, Antonio Morsiani, Mario Perricones and Claudio Bussadori. Ten Cane Corsos were presented and despite the shortage of dogs, the interest of the ENZI ci “was high, so that November 3, 1985, in Mantova, sent an official representation to the” Raduno di Razza “organized by the SACC. Representing the judges were Barbati, Mentasti, Morsiani, Pinturas, Perricone, Vandoni and Ventura. After this meeting of the ENZI, the possibility of official recognition of the race began to be evaluated. This, no doubt, thanks to the continued interest by Antonio Morsiani and Mario Perricone, internationally renowned expert judges as well known and molosoid breeders.
In 1986 Casolino, Malavasi, Sereni Gandolfi go several times to the south, looking for new specimens to enter within the bloodline they have selected. In a year and a half, thanks to the collaboration of the new enthusiastic cinofilos who live in areas of Puglia, Umbria and Sicily, they manage to get about thirty new copies, belonging to eleven different bloodlines.In this year and a half, thanks to these new members, the SACC delegation was born in Puglia and Sicily, thus creating a fruitful collaboration between the passionate residents in the areas of origin of the Cane Corso with the center of selection and rebirth of the breed, which is located in Mantova, in the nursery of the Malavasi brothers. The first architect of this collaboration, deeply passionate about the Cane Corso, the link between the south and the selection center in Mantova, was Vito Indivieri. Morsiani’s friend, a resident of Puglia, was constantly prodded by the cataloging and research of the most merry specimens, during the trips made in the performance of his activity as a street vendor. In Sicily, the same commitment and passion were made by Giovanni Tumminello, who offers historical information and appropriate photographic documentation to make a census in this region, the corso cane still present and typical. Thanks to this unity of spirit, this recovery work was finally carried out that began in late 1979 and makes it possible for Dr. Morsiani to start making these biometric measurements that would quickly lead to the drafting of the official Cane Corso Italiano standard. Dr. Morsiani, within the Committee of Judges of the “Enci”, in the Committee of the SACC, companion and assistant in the repeated meetings of North and South of Gandolfi, Malavasi, Indiveri and Tuminello, began to make the measurements cinotecnicas, choosing Basir as the prototype of the breed, making a selection of a total of fifty dogs from among the 90 dogs that had been put on trial.
According to Pablo Breder in a recent interview … THIS IS HOW IT EXPLAINS HOW TO PASS EVERYTHING. COULD YOU TALK TO US A LITTLE ON HOW WAS YOU INVOLVED IN THE RECOVERY OF CANO CORSO? (question from the journalist) I started generating interest in dogs when I was between sixteen and seventeen. For a long time I studied the Shepherd of Maremma, which is a dog that serves to protect the sheep from the wolves in the south. A subject named Giovanni Bonnetti read some of my articles and wrote me a letter as soon as he learned that he would travel to the south of Italy, to the province of Foggia. He told me that there was a race there, so I started looking for this dog and finally, after a couple of years I found the first specimens in a canine contest in Foggia. This is where it all began. I managed to buy a female from the show and crossed it with a male; This was the first litter that was born. CAN YOU DESCRIBE YOUR FIRST ENCOUNTER WITH THE RACE? (question from the journalist).
Once I saw a dog that was obviously a mestizo, a German Shepherd cross and something else, what caught my attention was its motley coat. This was the first approach, the first suspicion I had. Finally I saw my first Cane Corso in the canine show that I mentioned previously in 1975 or 76. We continue with our trip in the best brees in the world, the Cane Corso. After long journeys, successes and disappointments, doubts and certainties, after cytotechnical measurements, kinometric studies and character evaluations, after more than seven years of hard work and passion, the first official recognition finally arrives. for the Cane Corso Italiano: in November 1987, the Board of Directors of the ENCI approves the standard established by Dr. Antonio Morsiani.
In 1988, during the dog show in Milan, Florence and Bari The judges Morsiani, Perricone and Vandoni made about 50 other dogs the judgments and the results in the measurements to which were added about sixty copies registered and registered by Vito Indivieri Southern Italy, with photos and detailed information on the various bloodlines. At the end of 1988, the topographic map of already known and registered specimens was completed. A final General Raduno will be held in Foggi in the month of October, with the presence of Morsiani for all the necessary evaluations.
This final examination, successfully, finally convinces the ENCI experts to take the final steps necessary for the final and official recognition of the breed. On the occasion of the European Exhibition in Verona on November 25, 1990 fifteen Cane Corso paraded in the ring of honor. It is the first official presentation to the international cinofilia, is created at that time an Open Book, given to Professor Vittorio Dagradi, in which all adults are enrolled after having been subjected to the kinometric result and tattoo recognition, these are they would consider conforming to the standard elaborated by Antonio Morsiani on the morphological prototype of Basir. At the end of September of 1993, the Cane Corso obtains the proof that consecrates his title, with the presence of the judges of Bernini, Bonetti and Vandoni. Almost a hundred Cane Corsos under the Lombardy sky. The ENCI Board of Directors, consults the other records stored and hearing the favorable opinion of the Committee of Judges, the Committee of Italian races and the Committee of breeding, welcomed the recognition on January 20, 1994: The Cane Corso became, in its own right, the Italian race number 14. We already have the best race in the world here. and that’s all friends, I hope you liked it, it’s a unique content, told by the people of the Cane Corso.